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First, China has undisputable sovereignty over islands and their surrounding waters in the South China Sea, backed by a wealth of historical and legal basis,” Shao said.
For a long period of time, various nations’ normal passage and flight in the region have never been obstructed. “There i
s no issue over the freedom of navigation and overflight in the South China Sea,” he said.
However, the US has frequently sent vessels and aircraft to trespass into Chinese mar
itime territory and airspace, and has conducted intense intelligence gathering and special drills in the region.
“These actions damage the peace and security of the region,” Shao said. “As a result, the PLA
has installed necessary defense equipment on the islands in accordance with security needs. This is within
the natural rights of a sovereign state, and a necessary measure to counter those provocative actions.”
lower-income－some growing and others not) developing countries will be of huge importance in red
ucing poverty further. Although these countries face significant headwinds, they could also seize imp
ortant new growth opportunities－especially with the help of digital platforms.
The headwinds are certainly considerable. For starters, advances in digital technolo
gies－robotics, machine learning, sensors, and vision－directly threaten the labor-intensive manu
facturing and assembly upon which lower-income, nonresource-rich economies have traditionally relied.
Moreover, climate change has had its greatest economic impact on the tropical and subtropical regio
ns where most of the lower-income countries are located. The effects of global warming are highly disrup
tive in fragile economies, and, taken together, constitute a major new obstacle to growthle